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J Pediatr Endocrinol. 1993 Jan-Mar;6(1):99-108.

Leukemia and other malignancies among GH users.

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Epidemiology Division, National Cancer Center, Tokyo 104, Japan.


The number of reported cases of leukemia developing in growth hormone (GH) users worldwide has reached 31. Twelve Japanese cases are briefly reviewed; five each of AML and ALL, and one each of CML and malignant histiocytosis. The underlying diseases of these patients consisted of 8 idiopathic disease, 3 tumors and one Fanconi's anemia. Leukemia occurred during GH treatment in 9 cases and after cessation of GH in 3. The longest interval from the cessation of GH therapy was 10 years. GH administration from a younger age tended to be linked to myeloid type. Risk factors and possible mechanisms of leukemogenesis by growth hormone are discussed, and proposals for the future have been made by the Foundation for Growth Science in Japan.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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