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Ophthalmology. 1993 Sep;100(9):1351-7.

High-frequency ultrasound imaging and spectral analysis in traumatic hyphema.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Margaret M. Dyson Vision Research Institute, Cornell University Medical College, New York, NY 10021.



High-frequency (50-MHz) ultrasound allows high-resolution imaging of anterior ocular structures. Spectrum analysis of acoustic backscatter is sensitive to the concentration, size, and density of tissue inhomogeneities. The authors sought to determine whether acoustic imaging and spectrum analysis of hyphema would allow them to distinguish organized from fluid hyphema and recent from old hemorrhage in the eye.


Trauma-induced hyphemas were followed by slit-lamp photography and high-frequency ultrasonography in six New Zealand white rabbits. The blood collections were analyzed using the normalized power spectra of the digitized radio frequency ultrasound data and compared with in vitro references.


The 50-MHz acoustic images permitted differentiation between fluid (diffuse) and clotted (organized) blood. Spectrum analysis allowed quantitative characterization of the degree of blood organization. Significant changes were observed in spectral properties during the time course of absorption both for initial and after-rebleeding hemorrhages. The characteristics of a human postsurgical hyphema also were examined and found to be similar to those seen in the experimental model.


Spectrum analysis of high-frequency ultrasound data was able to distinguish organized from recent hemorrhage, which is clinically helpful for planning hyphema therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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