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Brain Res. 1993 Aug 27;620(2):195-202.

Chronic corticosterone administration enhances behavioral sensitization to amphetamine in mice.

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Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309.


The role of corticosterone (CCS) in regulating sensitization to amphetamine's locomotor activating effects was measured in female DBA/2 mice that had been sham-operated or adrenalectomized and implanted with CCS-containing or cholesterol pellets. Three days following surgery, the mice were injected with saline and circular open field locomotor activity was measured for a 5-min time period starting 15 min after injection. Over the next 4 days, amphetamine (1.0-10.0 mg/kg) was injected and locomotor response measured. Control animals (sham-operated, cholesterol pellet) showed increased locomotor activity following their first injection of 5.0 mg/kg and 10.0 mg/kg amphetamine, while ADX animals showed increased activity only after treatment with the 10 mg/kg dose. Chronic CCS treatment did not significantly alter initial responsiveness to amphetamine in either sham-operated or ADX animals, but it did alter the dose-dependent sensitization to amphetamine. Both sham-operated and ADX animals implanted with cholesterol pellets showed increased locomotor response to amphetamine (sensitization) following injection with 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg doses of amphetamine. However, the enhancement of locomotor activity was greater in the sham-operated control animals. CCS-treated sham-operated animals exhibited sensitization to the locomotor-activating effects of amphetamine at the lowest dose used (1.0 mg/kg) and increased stereotype following treatment with the higher doses. ADX/CCS animals developed sensitization to the locomotor-activating effects of amphetamine following chronic injection with the 2.5 mg/kg dose, and showed sensitization to amphetamine-induced stereotypy at higher doses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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