Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Sep;148(3):720-6.

Cellular hypertrophy and hyperplasia of airway smooth muscles underlying bronchial asthma. A 3-D morphometric study.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan.

Abstract

In order to study whether hyperplasia or hypertrophy of cells is responsible for the thickening of airway muscles, 3-D morphometry of airway muscle cells was performed on resin-embedded semithin serial sections of autopsied lungs from 10 asthmatics and five control subjects. There were five Type I and five Type II asthmatic lungs, as defined in an earlier study, thickened muscles being found only in the central bronchi in Type I and distributed over the whole airway tree in Type II. The analysis was based on "unbiased" 3-D morphometry to obtain the numerical density NV of muscle cells using a "disector," a spatial probe introduced by Sterio in 1984, which we modified into a stack of serial sections. The mean number NL of cells per unit airway length and the mean volume Vc of a single muscle cell were also determined. In Type I asthmatics, the number of cells increased in the larger bronchi unaccompanied by cellular hypertrophy at any level of the airway tree. In contrast, in Type II asthmatics, hypertrophy was shown to prevail over the whole airway, but it was most remarkable in the bronchioles, whereas hyperplasia was mild and localized only in the bronchi. The two types of asthmatic lungs may therefore result from different pathogeneses.

PMID:
8368645
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm/148.3.720
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center