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Neurosurgery. 1993 Aug;33(2):252-9.

Magnetic source imaging: a review of the Magnes system of biomagnetic technologies incorporated.

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Division of Neurosurgery, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque.


Magnetic source imaging (MSI) is a new, noninvasive technique for defining the relationship between brain function and structure on a patient-to-patient basis. It achieves this by combining detailed neurophysiological data derived from magnetoencephalography with high-quality neuroanatomical data derived via magnetic resonance imaging. By the use of mathematical models, the spatial locations of those neurons that generate neuromagnetic signals of interest are estimated and subsequently marked on spatially aligned magnetic resonance images. There are three prominent types of clinical MSI examinations. These are: 1) functional mapping examinations in which sensory and motor functions are localized; 2) examinations of interictal epileptiform activity; and 3) examinations of abnormal low-frequency magnetic activity, which has been found to be present in a wide range of pathophysiological conditions. Functional mapping provides useful information regarding the relationship between the cortical representation of eloquent function and the location of pathological lesions that may be surgically resectable. This application is of particular utility in cases of intracortical masses that distort and obscure the local neuroanatomy. By defining the primary sites of interictal epileptiform activity, MSI examinations are useful in the surgical planning for the implantation of depth electrodes and the planning of partial lobectomies. Abnormal low-frequency magnetic activity appears to be a neurophysiological correlate of ischemic penumbra associated with stroke, neoplasms, and vascular malformations. Abnormal low-frequency magnetic activity has also been found to be present in several other conditions, including head trauma and psychiatric dysfunction, although the exact pathophysiological mechanisms are presently unclear.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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