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Mol Immunol. 1993 Aug;30(12):1069-75.

Structure and binding properties of monoclonal antibodies to core histones from autoimmune mice.

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Garden State Cancer Center and Center for Molecular Medicine and Immunology, Newark, NJ 07103.


Histones are frequent targets of self-reactive antibodies during autoimmune syndromes. We report the specificities and V region genes of three IgG anti-histone MAbs obtained from autoimmune mice. Each of the MAbs, named LG2-1, LG2-2 and BWA3, is directed against a different determinant located in the basic amino-terminal domain of core histones. LG2-1 reacts with a peptide from histone H3 (residues 30-45), LG2-2 recognizes the amino-terminus of H2B (residues 1-13) and BWA3 binds an epitope corresponding to a region of high sequence similarity between H2A and H4 (residues 1-20 and 1-29, respectively). The analysis of their V region sequences indicates that the H chain CDRs of these MAbs are remarkable for the presence of negatively charged amino acid residues that may play a role in the binding to cationic histones. The H chain importance in conferring reactivity to histones is corroborated by the observation that each of the VH gene segments of these MAbs is very similar to VH genes of previously described murine anti-histone antibodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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