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FEBS Lett. 1993 Aug 30;329(3):336-40.

Complete amino acid sequence of puroindoline, a new basic and cystine-rich protein with a unique tryptophan-rich domain, isolated from wheat endosperm by Triton X-114 phase partitioning.

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Laboratoire de Biochimie et Technologie des Protéines, INRA, Nantes, France.


A new basic protein has been isolated from wheat endosperm by Triton X-114 phase partitioning. It contains five disulfide bridges and is composed of equal amounts of a polypeptide chain of 115 amino acid residues and of the same chain with a C-terminus dipeptide extension. The most striking sequence feature is the presence of a unique tryptophan-rich domain so that this protein isolated from wheat seeds has been named puroindoline. The similar phase partitioning behavior in Triton X-114 of this basic cystine-rich protein and of purothionins suggests that puroindoline may also be a membranotoxin that might play a role in the defense mechanism of plants against microbial pathogens.

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