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FEBS Lett. 1993 Aug 30;329(3):273-6.

Lysophosphatidic acid induces tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of MAP-kinase and focal adhesion kinase in cultured Swiss 3T3 cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, Kyoto University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.


Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) added to serum-starved Swiss 3T3 cells induced, in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, tyrosine phosphorylation of multiple proteins, including proteins of 43, 64, 88 kDa and a group of proteins between 110 and 130 kDa. Among them, two proteins, p43 and p120, were identified as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP-kinase) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK), respectively, by immunoprecipitation and immunoblot analysis. Tyrosine phosphorylation of p64 peaked at 1 min and declined rapidly, whereas that of MAP-kinase and FAK peaked at 5 and 10 min after the addition of LPA, respectively. The activity of MAP-kinase determined as phosphorylation of myelin basic protein increased transiently about 3-fold at 5 min, and correlated with tyrosine phosphorylation. These results indicate that tyrosine phosphorylation of these proteins is a part of the signal transduction by LPA and may be involved in its mitogenic responses.

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