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AIDS. 1993 Jun;7(6):829-35.

Treatment of cryptococcosis with liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) in 23 patients with AIDS.

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1
St Mary's Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the safety and efficacy of liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) in the primary treatment of AIDS-associated cryptococcosis.

DESIGN:

A Phase II, multicentre, European, non-comparative, open study to assess the use of AmBisome in 23 patients (26 enrolments) with cryptococcosis. Dose requirements, mycological response and toxicity were documented.

SETTING:

Hospital-based HIV units.

PATIENTS:

Twenty-three HIV-1-seropositive patients.

RESULTS:

Drug toxicity, assessed in 25 enrolments, was well-tolerated with little renal, hepatic or haematological toxicity. Eighteen out of 23 (78%) enrolments responded clinically. Nineteen enrolments had cryptococcal meningitis: sterilization of spinal fluid was achieved in 12 out of the 18 (67%) who were mycologically evaluable. Fourteen out of the 19 (74%) responded clinically.

CONCLUSION:

AmBisome is well-tolerated and may be an effective formulation in the treatment of cryptococcosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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