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Atherosclerosis. 1977 Jan;26(1):67-77.

Inhibition of lipoprotein lipase activity by a monoclonal immunoglobulin in autoimmune hyperlipidemia.


Autoimmune hyperlipidemia (AIH) may be induced a variety of antibodies which inhibit different stages of the lipolytic process by which the lipid load is removed from the circulating lipoproteins. In a patient having a monoclonal gammopathy and a nephrotic syndrome with a glomerulonephritis and a marked hypertriglyceridemia, it was found previously that the monoclonal IgG gamma Lac. reacted with human VLDL as well as with human serum albumin. Here it is demonstrated that the purified IgG gamma inhibits the lipolysis of triglyceride substrates by reacting with a substance (Lac. S) necessary for lipoprotein lipase activity. The interaction of IgG lambda Lac. with serum or HDL-activated triglyceride substrates inhibits the lipolytic activity of human and rat plasma post heparin and also adipose tissue lipases. It slightly inhibits the activity of swine pancreatic lipases. The Lac S. which reacts with IgG Lac. is associated to whole and delipidated VLDL and HDL and not to LDL or purified APo-A. It may be an Apo-C or a non-peptidic co-factor of the lipases which remains bound to the apoprotein core after delipidation. Its lack of species specificity and its presence as traces in HSA preparations favors the latter hypothesis. The Lac. substances is different from the Pg and As substances which were found to react with IgA anti-Pg and IgG anti-As antibodies in previously reported antilipoprotein AIH.

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