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Ann Intern Med. 1993 Oct 1;119(7 Pt 2):667-71.

Weight control practices of U.S. adolescents and adults.

Author information

1
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the prevalence of various weight-loss practices in U.S. adolescents and adults.

DESIGN:

The Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a self-administered survey of a random sample of high school students in 1990 and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a random-digit dial survey in 1989.

SETTING:

Thirty-eight states and the District of Columbia.

PARTICIPANTS:

High school students (n = 11,467) and adults 18 years and older (n = 60,861).

RESULTS:

Among high school students, 44% of female students and 15% of male students reported that they were trying to lose weight. An additional 26% of female students and 15% of male students reported that they were trying to keep from gaining more weight. Students reported that they had used the following weight control methods in the 7 days preceding the survey: exercise (51% of female students and 30% of male students); skipping meals (49% and 18%, respectively); taking diet pills (4% and 2%, respectively); and vomiting (3% and 1%, respectively). Among adults, 38% of women and 24% of men reported that they were trying to lose weight, whereas 28% of each sex reported that they were trying to maintain their weight.

CONCLUSIONS:

Attempts to lose or maintain weight are very prevalent among both adolescents and adults, especially among females.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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