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Oncogene. 1993 Sep;8(9):2475-83.

MTCP-1: a novel gene on the human chromosome Xq28 translocated to the T cell receptor alpha/delta locus in mature T cell proliferations.

Author information

1
Laboratoire d'Hématologie Moléculaire, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.

Abstract

T-cell lymphoproliferative diseases are often associated with recurrent chromosomal translocations involving T cell receptor genes (TCR) and genes that are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of these diseases. Whereas numerous such genes have already been identified in acute T cell leukemias, no candidate gene has yet been identified to play a role in the heterogeneous group of T cell proliferations with a mature phenotype. We here report the molecular cloning of two examples of the rare but recurrent t(X;14) translocation. The first translocation was associated with a benign clonal proliferation in an ataxia telangiectasia patient and the second with a T cell prolymphocytic leukemia. Both translocations implicated the TCR alpha/delta locus and a common breakpoint region on chromosome Xq28. A previously unidentified gene, abnormally transcribed in both T cell proliferations, was characterized in the immediate proximity of the breakpoints. This Xq28 gene has no homology with known sequences, uses a complex alternative splicing pattern and demonstrates two short open reading frames. This gene, named MTCP-1 (Mature T Cell Proliferation-1) is the first candidate gene potentially involved in the leukemogenic process of mature T cell proliferations.

PMID:
8361760
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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