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Oncogene. 1993 Sep;8(9):2449-56.

Several mutant p53 proteins detected in cancer-prone families with Li-Fraumeni syndrome exhibit transdominant effects on the biochemical properties of the wild-type p53.

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Department of Pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.


The identification of germ-line mutations in the p53 gene has provided a situation where comparable amounts of wild-type and mutant p53 co-exist in constitutional cells of certain individuals who are cancer-prone. Here we report the biochemical characteristics of several Li-Fraumeni syndrome associated mutant p53 proteins in order to assess the influence of germ-line mutant p53 on the functions of the wild-type p53. Unlike 248W mutant p53 protein, which was previously shown to have no effect on the wild-type p53 conformation (Milner & Medcalf, 1991; Cell 65, 765-774), germ-line associated mutant p53 proteins with residue 133T, 245D or 258K, converted the wild-type p53 conformation into the mutant conformation. Furthermore, lysates containing cotranslated wild-type p53 and these mutant p53 proteins were significantly impaired for DNA and SV40 large T antigen binding. These observations suggest that at least some germ-line p53 mutants might exhibit dominant effects on wild-type p53 functions and, like other mutant p53 proteins, the phenotype of germ-line mt p53 proteins might be variable depending on the particular mutation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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