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Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1993 Aug;76(2):169-74.

Risk factors for oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients who receive radiation therapy for malignant conditions of the head and neck.

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British Columbia Cancer Agency, Canada.


Twenty-seven consecutive patients receiving radiation to the head and neck were followed to assess risk factors for the development of candidiasis. One-third of the patients developed oral candidiasis during radiation therapy. Xerostomia was shown to correlate with risk of oropharyngeal infection (p = 0.033). The presence and use of oral prostheses were shown to correlate with oral colonization of Candida albicans before radiation therapy (p = 0.011). Alcohol use and smoking represent risk factors for oral colonization by Candida during radiation therapy (p = 0.023 and p = 0.045 respectively). These factors must be assessed in future studies of oropharyngeal candidiasis in radiation therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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