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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1993 Jul 15;111(1):15-21.

Construction of genetically marked Vibrio cholerae O1 vaccine strains.

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Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.

Erratum in

  • FEMS Microbiol Lett 1998 Jun 15;163(2):269.


Attenuated Vibrio cholerae O1 vaccine strains lacking the gene encoding the A subunit of cholera toxin have proven efficacious in preventing experimental cholera. As these strains move from closed, contained testing environments to large-scale field trials, a readily assayable phenotypic trait to distinguish a vaccine strain from wild-type V. cholerae O1 is desirable. We have constructed three derivatives of the attenuated V. cholerae strain CVD 103 which carry a mercury resistance or urease marker in the hlyA gene. CVD 103-HgR was constructed using a protracted marker-exchange procedure; this strain was found to have somewhat lowered colonisation efficiency in infant mice in comparison to its parent strain, CVD 103. The insertion of the resistance marker was repeated using a suicide vector system; CVD 103-HgR2 was found to colonise infant mice as efficiently as CVD 103. Strain CVD 103-UR, in which sequences encoding urease were inserted using a suicide vector, also colonised infant mice as well as CVD 103. The genetically marked strains CVD 103-HgR, CVD 103-HgR2 and CVD 103-UR form the basis for a generation of defined oral vaccines that may give single-dose, long-lasting protection to populations at risk from cholera.

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