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Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 1993 Aug;9(2):423-8.

Equine ehrlichiosis.

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Department of Medicine, University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine.


Equine ehrlichiosis is a seasonal disease of horses first reported in 1969. Clinical signs in horses include high fever, depression, partial hypophagia, anorexia, limb edema, petechiation, icterus, ataxia, and reluctance to move. Hematologic changes include leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, icterus, anemia, and inclusion bodies, principally in neutrophils and occasionally in eosinophils. Diagnosis is made by clinical signs and observing characteristic morulae in a blood smear with standard Wright's stain. Mortality is low unless secondary infection develops or injury occurs as a result of incoordination. Treatment with tetracycline produces prompt defervescence of fever and gradual improvement of clinical signs.

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