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Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Sep;82(3):456-9.

Transfer of carbetocin into human breast milk.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Victoria Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada.



To study the transfer of carbetocin into human breast milk.


Five healthy nursing women, 7-14 weeks postpartum, emptied their breasts using a breast pump and then received 70 micrograms carbetocin by intramuscular injection. Using a radioimmunoassay, the concentrations of carbetocin were measured in plasma and breast milk samples obtained before carbetocin administration and at 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 240 minutes after drug administration.


For plasma, the mean (+/- standard deviation) area under the curve (AUC) of carbetocin versus time was 1119.3 +/- 315.9 pg/mL, a value about 50 times higher than the mean AUC for carbetocin in breast milk (18.6 +/- 13.7 and 29.0 +/- 23.8 pg/mL for the right and left breast, respectively). The ratio of milk to plasma AUC was low: 1.7 +/- 0.9 and 3.1 +/- 2.8% for the left and right breast, respectively. No serious adverse reactions occurred and no clinically significant changes in vital signs were found.


Very little carbetocin is transferred into human breast milk, presenting little risk to breast-fed infants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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