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Mol Gen Genet. 1993 Aug;240(2):170-8.

Consequences of unique double-stranded breaks in yeast chromosomes: death or homozygosis.

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Unité de Génétique moléculaire des Levures (URA 1149 du CNRS), Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


We have developed a system in which a unique double-stranded break (DSB) can be introduced into a yeast chromosome during mitotic growth. The recognition site for the endonuclease I-SceI was inserted at different places in the yeast genome in haploid and diploid cells expressing this endonuclease. Induction of the break in haploids results in cell death if no intact copy of the cleaved region is present in the cell. If such a copy is provided on a plasmid, as an ectopic gene duplication, or on a homologous chromosome, the break can be repaired. Repair results in two identical copies in the genome of the locus which has been cut. We call this phenomenon homozygotization by reference to diploids heterozygous for the cut site in which repair leads to homozygosis at this site. We have compared the efficiencies of repair in the various topological situations examined, and conclude that some mechanism must search for regions of homology to both sides of the DSB and that repair is successful only if the homologies are provided by the same template molecule.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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