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Eur J Biochem. 1993 Aug 1;215(3):733-40.

Sequence of extracellular mouse protein BM-90/fibulin and its calcium-dependent binding to other basement-membrane ligands.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Jefferson Institute of Molecular Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia.

Abstract

Partial sequence comparisons have recently indicated that two extracellular components, fibulin from human placenta and BM-90 from a basement-membrane-producing mouse tumor, are either identical or closely related proteins. In this study, a complete sequence analysis of mouse BM-90 cDNA showed a 539-residue N-terminal core structure (domains I and II), which was 85% identical with the same core structure of human fibulin. A 137-residue C-terminal sequence (domain III) was unique for BM-90 and could also be identified by Edman degradation. This suggested a novel splice product, variant D, which is characteristic for the mouse tumor. A second 117-residue C-terminal sequence (domain III) was identified in additional mouse cDNA clones and showed 91% identity with the region specific for variant C of fibulin. Northern blots using mouse cells demonstrated two mRNA species, 2.7 kb and 2.3 kb, which encoded the variants D and C, respectively. The sequence of BM-90/fibulin indicates the presence of nine epidermal-growth-factor-like repeats in the core domain-II structure, eight of which contain consensus motifs for calcium binding. This binding is apparently important for the interaction of BM-90 with laminin and nidogen and for some weaker interactions with collagen IV. Further binding of BM-90 was demonstrated to fibronectin and BM-90 itself, but did not depend on calcium. Major binding sites for BM-90 were identified at a C-terminal segment of laminin A chain and at the N-terminus of nidogen. The broad interaction repertoire of BM-90 is comparable to that of nidogen and both proteins may have similar roles as connecting elements in the extracellular matrix.

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