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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Aug 16;194(3):1228-33.

Ovariectomy decreases the mRNA levels of transforming growth factor-beta 1 and increases the mRNA levels of osteocalcin in rat bone in vivo.

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1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kyoto University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Estrogen depletion causes postmenopausal osteoporosis. Here we report that steady state mRNA levels of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) and osteocalcin in bone persistently decreased and increased, respectively, in vivo in estrogen-depleted rats after ovariectomy (OVX). 21 female Wistar rats (7-month-old) were randomized and underwent OVX or sham-operation, total RNA was extracted from tibiae and assessed by Northern blot analysis. OVX induced 70-80% decrease in TGF-beta 1 mRNA levels and 2- to 3-fold increase in mRNA levels of osteocalcin compared with controls three weeks after surgery. These changes persisted up to twelve weeks post-operation. OVX caused 15% reduction in femoral bone mineral density and 2-fold elevation in serum osteocalcin levels as early as two weeks post-operation. Moreover, estrogen depletion resulted in marked decrease and increase, respectively, in steady state mRNA levels of TGF-beta 1 and osteocalcin in vitro in osteoblastic rat osteosarcoma cells, ROS 17/2.8. Our results provide the first in vivo evidence that expression of TGF-beta and osteocalcin in bone is reciprocally regulated at the transcriptional level in estrogen deficient OVX rats and suggests that TGF-beta 1 may play a role in estrogen-dependent maintenance of normal bone density.

PMID:
8352780
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.1993.1954
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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