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Am J Hum Genet. 1993 Sep;53(3):638-43.

Individual DNA identification from ancient human remains.

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Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Individual identification of ancient human remains is one of the most fundamental requisites for studies of paleo-population genetics, including kinship among ancient people, intra- and interpopulation structures in ancient times, and the origin of human populations. However, knowledge of these subjects has been based mainly on circumstantial archaeological evidence for kinship and intrapopulation structure and on genetic studies of modern human populations. Here we describe individual identification of ancient humans by using short-nucleotide tandem repeats and mtDNAs as genetic markers. The application of this approach to kinship analysis shows clearly the presence or absence of kinship among the ancient remains examined.

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