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Am J Dis Child. 1993 Aug;147(8):890-6.

Habitual physical activity and health-related physical fitness in fourth-grade children.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, CA 92120.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the relationship between habitual physical activity and components of health-related physical fitness in children.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional survey with correlational analysis.

SETTING:

Seven public elementary schools in a suburban southern California city.

PARTICIPANTS:

Five hundred twenty-eight healthy fourth-grade children (274 boys and 254 girls), 85% of whom were non-Hispanic whites. Ninety-eight percent of eligible students participated.

INTERVENTIONS:

None.

MEASUREMENTS/MAIN RESULTS:

Results of six measures of physical activity in children (monitoring by accelerometer, parent report, and child self-reports of weekday activity, weekend activity, and summer involvement in activity classes and youth sports) were combined in a physical activity index. This index of habitual physical activity was examined in relation to measures of five components of health-related fitness: the mile run, skin-fold tests, pull-ups, sit-ups, and the sit-and-reach test. The physical activity index was significantly associated with all five fitness components. The canonical correlation was .29.

CONCLUSION:

Active children appear to engage in a sufficient variety of activities to enhance multiple components of health-related fitness.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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