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Am J Cardiol. 1993 Aug 15;72(5):397-401.

Interrelation between angiographic severity of coronary artery disease and plasma levels of insulin, C-peptide and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1.

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Istituto di Chimica e Microscopia Clinica, University of Verona, Italy.


Plasma insulin, C-peptide and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels were measured in 64 men with coronary artery disease (CAD) documented by angiography. Coronary arteriograms were analyzed, and the severity and diffusion of coronary lesions were quantified by score systems. C-peptide and PAI-1 levels in patients with CAD were significantly higher than in 30 control subjects. Insulin, C-peptide and PAI-1 showed a highly significant correlation with the severity scores for coronary lesions (C-peptide more than insulin), but only a weak correlation with diffusion scores. Highly significant correlations were found between insulin and PAI-1, and even greater ones between C-peptide and PAI-1. It has been proposed that hyperinsulinemia may be involved in the etiology of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease by dysregulating lipoprotein metabolism and blood pressure. These findings support that hypothesis and suggest that insulin secretion may be an index of the severity of CAD. Because a direct effect of insulin on the cells that synthesize PAI-1 has been shown, the present data further indicate that the effect of insulin on fibrinolysis may be another way by which hyperinsulinemia accelerates atherogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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