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Pathol Res Pract. 1993 May;189(4):428-36.

Extracerebral toxoplasmosis in AIDS. Histological and immunohistological findings based on 80 autopsy cases.

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Institut für Pathologie, Universitätsklinikum Rudolf Virchow, Berlin, FRG.


Despite the great amount of literature concerning toxoplasmic encephalitis in AIDS patients, little is known about extracerebral toxoplasmosis. Therefore we conducted a study of 80 autopsy cases to estimate the frequency of extracerebral toxoplasmosis. A control group of 50 cases was completely negative for all markers applied. In 35 of the 80 AIDS-cases (43.7%), organisms could be detected. In 13 cases (16.2%) there was an extracerebral toxoplasmosis; 4 cases (5%) showed only extracerebral involvement and in 9 cases (11.2%), extracerebral toxoplasmosis occurred in combination with cerebral manifestations. In 22 cases (27.5%), only cerebral toxoplasmosis was found. The following organs were involved: cardiac muscle (15%), lungs (6.2%), liver (5%), pancreas (5%), gastrointestinal tract (6.2%), adrenal glands (5%), lymph nodes (5%) and testis (3.7%). In individual cases further organs, not mentioned above, were involved. Pseudocysts could be demonstrated within necroses and inflammatory foci by conventional staining, whereas trophozoites became apparent only immunohistologically.

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