Send to

Choose Destination
Percept Psychophys. 1993 Jul;54(1):93-107.

The effects of background visual roll stimulation on postural and manual control and self-motion perception.

Author information

Crew Technology Division, Armstrong Laboratory, Brooks AFB, TX 78235-5000.


The effects of background visual roll stimulation on postural control, manual control, and self-motion perception were investigated in this study. In the main experiment, 8 subjects were exposed to wide field-of-view background scenes that were tilted and static, continuously rotating, or sinusoidally rotating at frequencies between 0.03 and 0.50 Hz, as well as a baseline condition. The subjects performed either a postural control task (maintain an upright stance) or a manual control task (keep an unstable central display horizontally level). Root-mean square (RMS) error in both the postural and manual control tasks was low in the static tilt condition and extremely high in response to continuous rotation. Although the phases of the postural and manual responses were highly similar, the power and RMS error generated by the sinusoidal visual background stimulation peaked at a lower frequency in the postural task. Vection ratings recorded at the end of the postural and manual trials somewhat paralleled the frequency tuning differences between tasks, which a subsequent experiment showed to be the result of the differential motion of the central display rather than the differential positioning of the subject. In general, these results show that the dynamic characteristics of visual orientation systems vary according to the specific motor and/or perceptual system investigated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center