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J Reprod Immunol. 1993 May;24(1):1-12.

Paternity patterns and risk of preeclampsia in the last pregnancy in multiparae.

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Department of Neonatology, University Hospital of Pointe-à-Pitre (French West Indies), Guadeloupe.


Few authors have published investigations regarding a possible association between preeclampsia and changing paternity. This study employs an epidemiological approach to explore the relationship between severe preeclampsia and changes in paternity patterns among multigravidae in a Caribbean community (Guadeloupe, French West Indies). Multiparae who were diagnosed with preeclampsia or eclampsia with fetal complications (transfer of their infants in the Neonatal Department) and controls were examined (134 mothers' interviews). Information concerning paternity for the index and previous pregnancies was collected from three groups: women with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH); women with chronic hypertension (CH); and a control group consisting of women without hypertension during pregnancy. In 21/34 (61.7%) of PIH mothers, the father of the current pregnancy was different than that of the former, compared to 4/40 (10%) among CH and 10/60 (16.6%) in the controls (P < 0.0001). Moreover, considering three and four consecutive pregnancies, there was a significant trend (P < 0.005 and P < 0.02) for an increase in PIH with having a different father in each successive pregnancy. Patterns of changing paternity were significantly correlated with pregnancy-induced hypertension in multiparae but not with chronic hypertension and controls.

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