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J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1993 Jun;9(2):221-4.

Investigations on possible resistance in Aedes vexans field populations after a 10-year application of Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis.

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German Mosquito Control Association (KABS), Waldsee.


In the Upper Rhine Valley (Germany), Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis has been widely used against floodwater mosquitoes over an area of approximately 500 km2 for more than 10 years. The susceptibility of larvae of Aedes vexans field populations in 3 untreated (Lake Constance) and 3 treated areas (Upper Rhine Valley) was assessed by means of bioassays with B.t.i. (Bactimos WP, 6,000 AAU/mg), following WHO guidelines. Log-probit analyses and statistical evaluations of the data showed that the LC50 values as well as slopes of bioassays of the larvae deriving from the different areas showed no significant differences. Two populations in the treated area were even more susceptible than populations from the untreated areas. These results have been confirmed by resistance ratios, which were less than one in all tests carried out.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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