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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1993 Sep;29(3):407-19.

Cultured keratinocyte allografts and wound healing in severe recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Pathology, St. John's Institute of Dermatology, United Medical School, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, England.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB) frequently have painful erosions that are slow to heal. There is no definitive treatment; therefore any therapy that improves wound healing would be beneficial to these patients.

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to assess the effects of cultured allogeneic keratinocytes on wound healing in RDEB.

METHODS:

Ten patients with RDEB and dermatome-induced superficial dermal wounds were studied. Cultured keratinocyte grafts were applied to part of the wound, with another part left ungrafted. Both sites were assessed clinically and microscopically, particularly with regard to basement membrane zone reconstitution.

RESULTS:

Apart from minor differences in keratinocyte differentiation and a moderate analgesic effect induced by the graft, there were no other distinguishing findings in wound healing in the grafted and nongrafted sites.

CONCLUSION:

There was little clinical benefit from cultured keratinocyte allografts in wound healing in RDEB. However, this study showed that RDEB keratinocytes have an inherent capacity to express some type VII collagen epitopes transiently during wound healing, although this was not associated with the detection of anchoring fibrils.

PMID:
8349857
DOI:
10.1016/0190-9622(93)70203-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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