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J Anim Sci. 1993 Jul;71(7):1957-65.

Regulation of fatty acid synthase gene expression: an approach for reducing fat accumulation.

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1
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523.

Abstract

Fatty acid synthase (FAS) catalyzes the last step in the fatty acid biosynthetic pathway. The tissue concentration of FAS, which is affected by a number of hormonal and dietary factors, is a key determinant for the maximal capacity of a tissue to synthesize fatty acids by the de novo pathway. The complete nucleotide sequence of the avian and rat FAS transcripts has been cloned. In addition, a 1.5-kb cDNA that represents the thioesterase domain of the pig FAS protein plus the entire 3'-untranslated region of the transcript was isolated from a porcine liver cDNA library. Using these FAS cDNA tools, FAS mRNA transcripts have been found in most tissues, including adipose, liver, lung, brain, kidney, and small intestine. Moreover, the abundance of FAS mRNA in a tissue determines the rate of FAS protein synthesis, and ultimately the tissue content of FAS protein. In the liver, the rate of FAS gene transcription dictates the level of FAS mRNA, whereas the FAS mRNA content of adipose tissue seems to be determined by factors that affect gene transcription and mRNA stability. Adaptive changes in the abundance of FAS mRNA seem to occur primarily in hepatic and adipose tissues, whereas FAS expression in other tissue types is resistant to nutritional and hormonal manipulations. This review presents the concept that the tissue-specific adaptation in FAS gene expression can be exploited to develop a tissue-specific inhibitor of FAS gene expression and, hence, reduce the tissue capacity for fat accretion through the de novo biosynthetic pathway.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8349524
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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