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Int J Cardiol. 1993 Jul 1;40(2):143-53.

Effects of atenolol and diltiazem on exercise tolerance and ambulatory ischaemia.

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1
Department of Medicine B, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Twenty-five normotensive patients with stable angina, angiographically documented coronary disease and normal left ventricular function were randomized to a crossover study comparing atenolol 100 mg x 1, sustained-release diltiazem 120 mg x 2, and their combination. A maximal symptom limited bicycle exercise test and a 24-h ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring were performed at the end of each treatment period. Exercise duration was increased equally in the different treatment groups. Time to onset of 1-mm ST-segment depression was longer with atenolol (P < 0.02) and combination therapy (P < 0.01) than with diltiazem. The maximal ST-segment depression was decreased with atenolol (P < 0.05) and combination therapy (P < 0.02), whereas, time to onset of angina was prolonged only with combination therapy (P < 0.03). The number of ischaemic episodes during ambulatory monitoring was lower with atenolol and combination therapy than with diltiazem (P < 0.01). The difference between atenolol and diltiazem was mainly due to lower ischaemic activity with atenolol between 06:00 h and 12:00 h (P < 0.05). Anginal frequency (P < 0.01) and nitroglycerin consumption (P < 0.05) were lower with combination therapy than with monotherapy. Thus, while comparable effects were achieved on clinical variables, atenolol appeared to be more effective than diltiazem, reducing myocardial ischaemia during exercise and ambulatory monitoring. With combination therapy, both clinical and electrocardiograph signs of ischaemia were improved.

PMID:
8349377
DOI:
10.1016/0167-5273(93)90277-n
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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