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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1993 Jun;93(2):117-23.

The secretion of transforming growth factor-beta by bovine luteal cells in vitro.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita.


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a multifunctional polypeptide growth factor, is produced by follicular cells in the ovary. However, there is little information indicating that TGF-beta is produced in the post-ovulatory follicle, i.e. the corpus luteum. In the present communication we present evidence that bovine luteal cells secrete large amounts of TGF-beta when maintained in moderate-term monolayer culture. Using TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 2 subtype-specific antibodies to neutralize the bioactivity it was found that 80-90% TGF-beta activity in luteal cell conditioned medium (LCCM) is due to TGF-beta 1, whereas < or = 10% TGF-beta activity in LCCM is due to TGF-beta 2. TGF-beta subtype nonspecific antibodies effectively and completely neutralized all TGF-beta activity in LCCM. The ratio of TGF-beta 1:TGF-beta 2 as estimated on the basis of neutralization studies was supported by visual observation of TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 2 protein bands on Western blotting. Using a modified and rapid mink lung epithelial cell bioassay and authentic TGF-beta to generate standard curves, the amount of TGF-beta secreted by luteal cells in vitro was quantitated. The concentration of luteal cell secreted proteins in the medium increased with time during 7 days of culture. Likewise, the TGF-beta concentration in LCCM increased during 7 days. To study the effect of duration of culture on the rate of TGF-beta secretion by luteal cells, conditioned medium was collected at 24 h intervals and replaced with fresh nutrient medium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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