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Neuroreport. 1993 Jun;4(6):687-90.

Different sensitivities of NMDA receptor channel subtypes to non-competitive antagonists.

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Department of Neuropharmacology, Niigata University, Japan.


Four kinds of heteromeric N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor channels, the epsilon 1/zeta 1, epsilon 2/zeta 1, epsilon 3/zeta 1 and epsilon 4/zeta 1 channels, were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and their sensitivities to various non-competitive antagonists were examined. The epsilon 1/zeta 1 and epsilon 2/zeta 1 channels were more sensitive to (+)MK-801 (dizocilpine) than the epsilon 3/zeta 1 and epsilon 4/zeta 1 channels, whereas the sensitivities to phencyclidine (PCP), ketamine and N-allylnormetazocine (SKF-10,047) were only slightly variable among the four epsilon/zeta channels. Furthermore, the replacement by glutamine or arginine of the conserved asparagine residue in segment M2 of the epsilon 2 and zeta 1 NMDA receptor channel subunits reduced the sensitivities to PCP, ketamine and SKF-10,047, though to different extents. These results, together with previous findings, suggest that these non-competitive antagonists as well as (+)MK-801 and Mg2+ act on a common site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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