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Nutr Cancer. 1993;19(3):225-39.

RRR-alpha-tocopheryl succinate inhibits proliferation and enhances secretion of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) by human breast cancer cells.

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Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Texas, Austin 78712-1097.


The RRR-alpha-tocopheryl succinate form of vitamin E inhibits the proliferation of estrogen receptor-positive and estrogen receptor-negative human breast cancer cell lines in a dose-dependent manner in vitro. Analyses of cell-conditioned medium from RRR-alpha-tocopheryl succinate growth-inhibited cells revealed the presence of a potent antiproliferative activity. Characterization of the antiproliferative activity as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) was established by 1) growth inhibition of the TGF-beta-responsive Mv1Lu-CCL-64 mink lung and murine CTLL-2 cell lines, 2) combination of physical characteristics including heat stability, acid stability, and Bio-Gel P-60 column chromatography elution profile, and 3) neutralization of the antiproliferative activity in the conditioned media by antibodies specific for TGF-beta.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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