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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 1993 Apr;20(1):55-62.

Insulin resistance in the regulation of lipolysis and ketone body metabolism in non-insulin dependent diabetes is apparent at very low insulin concentrations.

Author information

1
Diabetic Clinic, General Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Abstract

The insulin sensitivity of intermediary metabolism was studied in 8 non-obese men with well-controlled diet-treated non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDDM) using a low dose incremental insulin infusion (basal, 0.005 and 0.01 U/kg h-1). Results were compared to 8 healthy male control subjects matched (NIDDM vs. controls, mean +/- S.E.M.) for age (56 +/- 3 vs. 54 +/- 3 years, NS) and body mass index (24.6 +/- 0.7 vs. 25.3 +/- 0.5 kg/m2, NS). Basal fasting concentrations of insulin (4.7 +/- 0.8 vs. 3.2 +/- 0.8 mU/l, NS), glucose, total ketone bodies (TKB), and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were not significantly different between the groups but glycerol concentrations were significantly elevated in NIDDM patients (0.072 +/- 0.007 vs. 0.049 +/- 0.003 mmol/l, P < 0.05). During incremental insulin infusion, plasma insulin concentrations rose to 12.8 +/- 1.5 vs. 10.0 +/- 1.0 mU/l in NIDDM patients vs. control and metabolite concentrations fell significantly (P < 0.001). Significant linear dose-response relationships were found between plasma insulin (log) and glucose, TKB (log), NEFA, and glycerol concentrations by analysis of variance applied to regression (all P < 0.001). For glucose and TKB (log), the group regression lines were parallel but were significantly right-shifted in the NIDDM group (P < 0.001). In contrast, the relationships of insulin (log) and both glycerol and NEFA concentrations converged over the observed range of insulin concentrations. Significant displacement of glycerol and NEFA dose-response relationships were found in NIDDM patients at an insulin concentration of 5 mU/l (P < 0.001) but not at 12.5 mU/l.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8344130
DOI:
10.1016/0168-8227(93)90023-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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