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Cell. 1993 Jul 30;74(2):383-93.

Fission yeast cut5+, required for S phase onset and M phase restraint, is identical to the radiation-damage repair gene rad4+.

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Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University, Japan.


Fission yeast cut5 mutants cause cytokinesis in the absence of normal nuclear division. We show here that cut5+ is required for both the onset of S phase and the restraint of M phase before the completion of S phase. The primary defects in cut5 mutants occur prior to S phase, but cells suffer lethal damage during M phase. Mitosis and cytokinesis occur in the presence of hydroxyurea or in the double mutant cdc10-cut5 (the cdc10 mutation alone blocks progression from G1 to S). Gene cloning shows that cut5+ is identical to the fission yeast rad4+ gene, which is similar to human XRCC1. The rad4+/cut5+ gene is unique in its positive role for replication/repair and in its negative role for mitosis/cytokinesis. We propose a single/twin chromatid marking model for rad4+/cut5+ function in cell cycle control.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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