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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Aug 11;1169(2):126-34.

Dietary polyunsaturated fats suppress the high-sucrose-induced increase of rat liver pyruvate dehydrogenase levels.

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Instituto de Medicina Experimental, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas.


Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) has a key role in the regulation of hepatic lipogenesis by dietary factors. We have investigated the effects of dietary carbohydrate and fat on hepatic PDC. Sucrose-based or starch-based diets were administered for 15 days. A positive correlation between PDC activity and the lipogenic potential of the diet was found. A high-sucrose, fat-free diet caused a 3-fold increase in total activity whereas a high-starch, fat-free diet caused a 1.5-fold increase, as compared with chow-fed rats. Dietary polyunsaturated fat (PUF) caused a marked inhibitory effect on total and active PDC; fish oil being more effective than corn oil. Dietary saturated fat (butter) failed to inhibit the sucrose-induced elevation in total activity, but was almost as effective as fish oil in depressing percent active enzyme. Changes in total PDC activity closely correlated with modifications in the content of enzyme quantitated by immunoblotting, indicating that increased enzyme content and not activation is the predominant mechanism underlying the adaptive response to high-sucrose feeding. This response is suppressed by dietary PUF. Inhibition of hepatic lipogenesis by PUF involves a reduction of PDC content as well as that of several lipogenic enzymes. The relevant mechanisms remain to be established.

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