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Am Rev Respir Dis. 1993 Aug;148(2):310-6.

Hemodynamic and gas exchange responses to infusion of acetylcholine and inhalation of nitric oxide in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease and pulmonary hypertension.

Author information

1
Département de Physiologie et INSERM U296, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, France.

Abstract

To investigate endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent nitric oxide (NO) mediated pulmonary vasodilation in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), we examined the responses to incremental infusion rates of acetylcholine (ACh) or inhaled NO on hemodynamic and gas exchange. In 13 patients, ACh (15 mg/min) decreased pulmonary artery pressure (Ppa) from 31 +/- 1 to 28 +/- 1 mm Hg (p < 0.01) and systemic arterial pressure while increasing cardiac index from 3.7 +/- 0.4 to 4.7 +/- 0.4 L/min/m2 (p < 0.01). Inhaling 40 parts per million (ppm) NO decreased Ppa from 32 +/- 1 to 26 +/- 1 mm Hg (p < 0.001) with no associated hemodynamic change. ACh reduced PaO2 from 57 +/- 3 to 48 +/- 2 mm Hg (p < 0.01) and increased venous admixture (QVA/QT) from 35 +/- 3 to 45 +/- 3% (p < 0.01). Inhaling 40 ppm NO increased PaO2 from 57 +/- 3 to 60 +/- 3 mm Hg (p < 0.01) and decreased QVA/QT from 36 +/- 3 to 32 +/- 3% (p < 0.01). Pulmonary vascular resistance changes were similar in response to 40 ppm NO or 15 mg/min ACh. In COLD patients, ACh produces both pulmonary and systemic vasodilation but impairs arterial oxygenation whereas inhaled NO induces selective pulmonary vasodilation while improving gas exchange. The resistance to ACh in some patients could be related to pulmonary endothelial dysfunction.

PMID:
8342892
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm/148.2.310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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