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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1993;32(5):379-84.

Cellular pharmacokinetics of doxorubicin in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: comparison of bolus administration and continuous infusion.

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1
Service d'Hématologie, Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether administration of doxorubicin (DOX) as a continuous infusion or a bolus injection resulted in similar leukemic cell drug concentration in patients with refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). This study was carried out on five patients with refractory CLL, with DOX administered either as a bolus injection (35 mg/m2; CHOP protocol) or as a constant-rate infusion for a period of 96 h (9 mg/m2 per day; VAD protocol). The two types of drug administration were used alternatively with the same patient. Plasma and cellular DOX concentration were determined using high-performance liquid chromatography. Peak plasma DOX levels were higher after the bolus injection than after continuous administration (1509 +/- 80 ng/ml vs 11.6 +/- 1.8 ng/ml, respectively), whereas the plasma area under the curve (AUC) levels were similar. Maximum DOX cellular concentrations were 8629 +/- 2902 ng/10(9) cells (bolus injection) and 2745 +/- 673 ng/10(9) cells (96 h infusion). The cellular AUC after the bolus injection was 2.85 times greater than that observed after continuous administration. This difference was due to a higher cellular peak level followed by a relatively prolonged retention of the drug, with a loss of only 25% in the first 24 h following. These findings demonstrated that in CLL the cellular DOX exposure can be notably modified by the method of drug administration, with higher drug intracellular concentrations being achieved after bolus administration than with the infusion schedule.

PMID:
8339389
DOI:
10.1007/bf00735923
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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