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J Reprod Fertil. 1977 Jan;49(1):89-94.

Fertilization in vitro and development to term of unfertilized mouse oocytes previously stored at --196 degrees C.


Unfertilized mouse oocytes were frozen and stored at --196 degrees C. Immediately after thawing 331 out of 463 MF1 oocytes (71-5%) and 271 out of 410 F1 (C57BL X CBA) hybrid oocytes (66-1%) were morphologically normal. No significant difference was found between the survival of oocytes frozen and thawed with (70%) or without (66%) the surrounding cumulus cells. Fertilization in vitro of frozen-thawed oocytes was significantly lower than that of freshly collected control oocytes. The overall fertilization rate in vitro for MF1 oocytes was lower than with F1 (C57BL X CBA) hybrid oocytes. The presence or absence of cumulus cells during fertilization in vitro did not affect the fertilization rate. Live 14-day fetuses were obtained after transfer of frozen-thawed unfertilized oocytes directly to the oviducts of females mated with fertile males. However, much higher rates of survival (up to 45%) to 14-day fetuses and live-born were found after the fertilization of frozen-thawed oocytes in vitro and subsequent transfer at the 2-cell or blastocyst stage to pseudopregnant recipients.

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