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Res Vet Sci. 1993 May;54(3):384-91.

Gastrin and gastrin-related responses to infection with Ostertagia ostertagi in the calf.

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Department of Veterinary Pathology, Royal Veterinary College, London.


The effects of a single challenge with 60,000 infective Ostertagia ostertagi larvae on blood and gastrointestinal mucosal gastrin concentrations, gastrin-producing G-cell numbers in the pyloric mucosa and growth of different parts of the gut were investigated in 16, two-and-a-half-month-old calves. Infected calves exhibited a rise in abomasal pH which was accompanied by a 145 per cent increase in wet weight of the fundic mucosa (P < 0.05) and a significant rise in blood total gastrin concentrations (P < 0.01). Circulating little gastrin (G-17) was unaffected. Pyloric mucosal total gastrin concentrations remained unaltered in the infected calves until day 28 when levels fell to 36.9 per cent of control group values (P < 0.01). Pyloric mucosal G-cell numbers declined during the experiment in the infected group. It is suggested that release of previously stored tissue gastrin and not a change in G-cell numbers contributes to the hypergastrinaemia associated with ostertagia infection in the calf.

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