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Oncogene. 1993 Aug;8(8):2095-104.

The epsilon isoform of protein kinase C is an oncogene when overexpressed in rat fibroblasts.

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Department of Pharmacology, Columbia University, New York 10032.


We have overproduced the Ca(2+)-independent protein kinase C isoform, nPKC epsilon, in Rat 6 embryo fibroblasts, and examined the effects of this novel isoform on cell growth and transformation. As compared to vector control cell lines expressing only the hygromycin resistance gene, the nPKC epsilon overproducing cell lines exhibited a 7-13-fold increase in Ca(2+)-independent enzyme activity. Detailed analysis of seven individual nPKC epsilon overproducing clones indicated that those clones that expressed very high activity displayed a number of disorders in growth control, including: formation of dense foci in monolayer culture, decreased doubling time, increased saturation density, decreased serum requirement, growth in soft agar, and tumor formation in nude mice. These findings are in contrast to previous studies from our laboratory indicating that stable expression of high levels of cPKC beta 1 produced only a partially transformed phenotype (Housey et al., 1988). Taken together, these results provide the first direct evidence that distinct isoforms of PKC can exert different effects on growth control and malignant transformation in the same cell type.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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