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J Neurochem. 1993 Aug;61(2):637-47.

Evoked extracellular dopamine in vivo in the medial prefrontal cortex.

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Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-3290.


The measurement of evoked extracellular dopamine in the medial prefrontal cortex by using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry with carbon-fiber microelectrodes was established and release characteristics of mesoprefrontal dopamine neurons were examined in vivo in anesthetized rats. Despite the sparse dopaminergic innervation and the presence of more dense noradrenergic and serotonergic innervations overall in the medial prefrontal cortex, the measurement of extracellular dopamine was achieved by selective recording in dopamine-rich terminal fields and selective activation of ascending dopamine neurons. This was confirmed by electrochemical, pharmacological, and anatomical evidence. An increased release capacity for mesoprefrontal dopamine neurons was also demonstrated by the slower decay of the evoked dopamine response after inhibition of catecholamine synthesis and the maintenance of the evoked dopamine response at higher levels in the medial prefrontal cortex compared with the striatum during supraphysiological stimulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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