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J Am Coll Cardiol. 1993 Aug;22(2):368-75.

Carbon-11 hydroxyephedrine with positron emission tomography for serial assessment of cardiac adrenergic neuronal function after acute myocardial infarction in humans.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to assess the extent and reversibility of neuronal abnormalities in patients with an acute myocardial infarction.

BACKGROUND:

Previous experimental studies have described ischemic injury to sympathetic neurons exceeding the area of myocardial necrosis. Carbon-11 (C-11) hydroxyephedrine (HED) is a norepinephrine analogue that can be used for the noninvasive evaluation of neuronal integrity using positron emission tomography.

METHODS:

We studied 14 volunteers and 16 patients experiencing a first acute myocardial infarction. Positron emission tomographic imaging was used to quantitatively compare regional perfusion, as assessed with nitrogen-13 ammonia, with myocardial retention of C-11 hydroxyephedrine early after myocardial infarction as well as > 6 months after the acute event.

RESULTS:

C-11 hydroxyephedrine and flow images demonstrated homogeneous tracer retention in volunteers but were abnormal in all patients. C-11 hydroxyephedrine abnormalities were more extensive than those for blood flow assessed by semiquantitative polar map analysis (31 +/- 15% vs. 17 +/- 17% left ventricle; p < 0.05), particularly in five patients with non-Q wave infarction (31 +/- 11% vs. 3.5 +/- 2.5% left ventricle; p = 0.008). Eleven patients with Q wave infarction had matched defects (28 +/- 17% vs. 21 +/- 17% left ventricle; p = NS). C-11 hydroxyephedrine tissue retention fraction was quantified in three tissue zones: zone 1 (abnormal rest flow) had retention fraction 0.037 +/- 0.022-min; zone 2 (normal rest flow but decreased carbon-11 hydroxyephedrine retention) had retention fraction 0.068 +/- .034-min, and zone 3 (normal flow and carbon-11 hydroxyephedrine retention) had retention fraction 0.087 +/- 0.041-min (p = 0.0004). Follow-up studies at 8 +/- 3 months in eight patients revealed no change in extent of abnormalities or absolute tissue tracer retention in infarct and peri-infarct territories.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of abnormal regional sympathetic innervation in patients with infarction confirm previous experimental data and suggest persistent neuronal damage in infarct and peri-infarct territories, without evidence of reinnervation of reversibly injured myocardium.

PMID:
8335806
DOI:
10.1016/0735-1097(93)90039-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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