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EMBO J. 1993 Jul;12(7):2609-15.

Three-dimensional structure of rat acid phosphatase.

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1
Department of Molecular Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala Biomedical Center.

Abstract

The crystal structure of recombinant rat prostatic acid phosphatase was determined to 3 A resolution with protein crystallographic methods. The enzyme subunit is built up of two domains, an alpha/beta domain consisting of a seven-stranded mixed beta-sheet with helices on both sides of the sheet and a smaller alpha domain. Two disulfide bridges between residues 129-340 and 315-319 were found. Electron density at two of the glycosylation sites for parts of the carbohydrate moieties was observed. The dimer of acid phosphatase is formed through two-fold interactions of edge strand 3 from one subunit with strand 3 from the second subunit, thus extending the beta-sheet from seven to 14 strands. Other subunit-subunit interactions involve conserved residues from loops between helices and beta-strands. The fold of the alpha/beta domain is similar to the fold observed in phosphoglycerate mutase. The active site is at the carboxy end of the parallel strands of the alpha/beta domain. There is a strong residual electron density at the phosphate binding site which probably represents a bound chloride ion. Biochemical properties and results from site-directed mutagenesis experiments of acid phosphatase are correlated to the three-dimensional structure.

PMID:
8334986
PMCID:
PMC413507
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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