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Cell. 1993 Jul 16;74(1):197-203.

Promiscuous and allele-specific anchors in HLA-DR-binding peptides.

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Roche Milano Ricerche, Italy.


The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules are highly polymorphic membrane glycoproteins that bind peptide fragments of proteins and display them for recognition by CD4+ T cells. To understand the effect of human MHC class II polymorphism on peptide-MHC interaction, we have isolated M13 phage from a large M13 peptide display library by selection with DRB1*0401 and DRB1*1101 molecules, as recently described for DRB1*0101. Sequence analysis of the peptide-encoding region of DR-bound phage led to the identification of position-specific anchor residues, defining motifs for peptide binding to DR molecules. The three DR motifs share two anchor residues at relative positions 1 and 4, while allele-specific anchor residues have been identified at position 6. These results provide a biophysical basis for both the promiscuity and the specificity of peptide recognition by DR molecules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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