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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1993 Aug;161(2):323-7.

Schistosomiasis japonica of the liver: contrast-enhanced CT findings in 113 patients.

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1
Department of Radiology, Yamanashi Medical College, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to determine the findings on contrast-enhanced CT scans in patients with hepatic schistosomiasis japonica and to determine their pathologic basis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT scans of 113 patients with histologically proved schistosomiasis were reviewed. Radiologic and pathologic findings were correlated after autopsy in 19 patients.

RESULTS:

Unenhanced CT scans showed septal calcification in the liver parenchyma in 53 patients (47%) and capsular calcification along the hepatic surface in 29 patients (26%). Twenty-seven patients (24%) had both types of calcification. Fifty-four patients (48%) showed one or more types of enhancement. Septal enhancement (i.e., linear enhancement of hepatic parenchyma looking like septa in the liver) was seen in 52 patients (46%). Forty-seven of the 53 patients who had septal calcification on unenhanced CT scans had septal enhancement on scans obtained after the administration of contrast material. The enhancement was found at sites of septal calcification in 44 patients and at noncalcified sites in 18 (15 had enhancement at both calcified and noncalcified sites). Five of 60 patients who did not have septal calcification on unenhanced CT scans had septal enhancement at noncalcified sites on scans obtained after the administration of contrast material. Amorphous enhancement (i.e., poorly defined and irregularly shaped enhancement) was seen in six patients (5%). Capsular enhancement (i.e., curvilinear enhancement along the hepatic surface) was seen in 12 patients (11%). Histologic studies showed broad fibrous septa at sites of septal enhancement.

CONCLUSION:

CT findings in patients with schistosomiasis japonica involving the liver include septal, amorphous, and capsular contrast enhancement. Septal enhancement occurs in broad fibrous septa. CT evidence of septal enhancement may suggest the diagnosis of hepatic schistosomiasis japonica, especially when no calcification is seen on unenhanced CT scans.

PMID:
8333370
DOI:
10.2214/ajr.161.2.8333370
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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