Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Immunobiology. 1993 Apr;187(3-5):417-29.

The bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), a potent element in host-defense against gram-negative bacteria and lipopolysaccharide.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine and Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York.


The bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), is a ca. 55 kDa cytotoxic cationic protein of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) that is present principally in the azurophilic granules. BPI is toxic only toward Gram-negative bacteria. This target specificity is attributable to the strong attraction of BPI for the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the bacterial envelope. BPI also binds with high affinity (apparent Kd 2-5 nM) to a broad range of LPS species and potently inhibits the biologic activities of LPS in vitro. A proteolytically prepared or recombinant ca 25 kDa N-terminal fragment of BPI carries all the antibacterial activities of holo-BPI and is more potent than the holo-protein against more resistant bacteria with S-form LPS in their envelope. The fragment is as active as holo-BPI as an LPS-neutralizing agent in vitro and more potently inhibits cytokine induction by S-form Escherichia coli in whole blood ex vivo. Recombinant forms of both proteins protect animals against the lethal effects of administered LPS.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Other Literature Sources

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center