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Prev Med. 1993 May;22(3):316-24.

A study on women's practice of breast self-examination in Taiwan.

Author information

1
Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Republic of China.

Abstract

METHODS:

A questionnaire interview was conducted on a sample of 3,040 women ages 30-59 years in the Taipei area through multistage sampling with probability proportional to size. Excluding mistakes in household registration, there were 2,311 qualified subjects, 1,749 of whom (75.7%) completed the interview. The study framework was set up according to Green's PRECEDE model.

RESULTS:

In the results of this study only 8.4% of the subjects performed breast self-examinations monthly, and no single step of the breast self-examination procedure had a correct rate above 30%. The most remarkable associative factor for the correctness of breast self-examination was "source of instruction," a variable of "enabling factors"; other variables with strong associations were "newspaper contact" (contact with health reports in newspapers), which also belongs to the enabling factors category and "knowledge of breast cancer," a "predisposing factor." Demographic factors such as "educational level" and "urbanizational level" were only indirectly related.

CONCLUSION:

The authors suggested using all possible routes of health education, such as mass media, hospitals and clinics, and distribution of information in the workplace, to instruct and encourage breast self-examination, especially among women from rural communities and those with less education.

PMID:
8327415
DOI:
10.1006/pmed.1993.1026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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