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Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Jun;16 Suppl 4:S200-2.

Stimulation of B lymphocytes by lipopolysaccharides from anaerobic bacteria.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Gade Institute, University of Bergen, Norway.


Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from anaerobic gram-negative bacteria, including those of low endotoxic activity that are isolated from Bacteroides, Prevotella, and Porphyromonas are potent inducers of DNA replication and polyclonal immunoglobulin production in murine B lymphocytes. The activation is dose-dependent and T cell-independent. Replication of DNA and production of immunoglobulins were also stimulated by lipid A and by the LPS heteropolysaccharide that were isolated by mild acid hydrolysis of the LPSs of Bacteroides fragilis and Fusobacterium nucleatum. Combinations of LPS, lipid A, and acid-degraded polysaccharide amplified the blastogenic response. Antibodies that react with the polysaccharide part of LPSs isolated from members of the Bacteroidaceae are present in healthy human serum.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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