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Am J Physiol. 1993 Jun;264(6 Pt 2):R1111-8.

Fish oil n-3 fatty acids selectively limit the hypertrophy of abdominal fat depots in growing rats fed high-fat diets.

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1
Centre d'Ecologie et Physiologie Energ├ętiques, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

Because dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) from fish oils have profound effects on lipid metabolism, we examined whether they influence the growth of adipose tissue at different locations in growing rats. Rats were fed for 4 wk on high-fat (HF) diets (20% fat) containing very low (L), medium (M), and high (H) amounts of n-3 PUFA but similar amounts of saturated fatty acids and n-6 PUFA. A fourth group was fed a standard laboratory diet (control group) to estimate changes in adipose tissue mass related to growth. At the end of the dietary treatment, the lipid mass (LM) of the four major adipose depots (subcutaneous, SC; mesenteric, MES; retroperitoneal, RP; epididymal, EPI) and total adiposity were significantly higher in each of the three HF groups than in the control group. The lipid gain in EPI was due to fat cell hypertrophy alone, whereas RP showed both hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Energy intake, fatty acid excretion, and body mass were the same in the three groups fed HF diets. Similarly, there was no difference in the LM or in lipid gains specifically caused by HF feeding of SC and MES between the HF groups. In contrast, the LM of RP was significantly lower in the H than in the L and M groups (50 and 30%, respectively). The LM of EPI was also 30% lower in the H than in the L group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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